'Hungarian Higher Education 2013' conference
Location: Corvinus University of Budapest
Date: 29 January, 2014
The Center for International Higher Education Studies (CIHES) of Corvinus University of Budapest organizes its annual conference the sixth time, which every year makes an assessment of the current situation of Hungarian higher education and discusses conceptional questions related to it. In January 2014 the meeting of higher education researchers, institutional and governmental leaders and specialists of the field summarize the previous year. The CIHES prepares a short strategic assessment about the current situation of the Hungarian higher education for the second time, which will be handed to the participants of the conference. Besides the assessment, the invited Hungarian speakers put two main topics in the focus. On the one hand they focus on the results achieved on the way of becoming international; on the other hand they state their views on the aims which should be realized in the 2014-2020 period. The foreign speakers expound their views on both the excellence centres which become more important for the higher education institutions in the global competition, and also on establishing campuses abroad, as a possible way of international expansion.
The detailed program can be viewed here.
Strategic progress report 2013 (József Berács - Ildik Hrubos - Gergely Kováts - József Temesi)
Barna Mezey (Eötvös Loránd University): Necessities and opportunities: chances of the Hungarian higher education
Due to the surviving scenarios of the year 2012 the Hungarian higher education managed to go through one of the toughest periods of the last two decades. In consequence of the uncertainties experienced in the higher education it has become obvious that renewal arising from within, intersectoral cooperation and institutional and sectoral strategies different from the previous are needed for the survival and the quality assurance. A big challenge of the next period is how the university- college scene can meet this. Breaking with the more or less determined constrained ways the Hungarian Rectors’ Conference undertakes that internationalisation in wide circles should be an important aim in 2014. Through this, the national and international value of the degrees issued by the institutions can be increased and the position of the institutions can be considerably improved. The stake is high: either we start off or we stagnate.
Gyula Gilly (Ministry of Human Resources, State Secretariat for Higher Education): The strategic directions of reorganising higher education
The presentation aims to outline the main objects of the reorganisation, the steps taken, the achieved results, and the most important problems and strategic directions identified by the Higher Education Round Table. The presentation intends to accomplish this along the higher education and professional-political processes.
By formulating any higher education reorganisation strategy first of all we need to clarify why higher education is needed at all and what size of that is needed in view of the social and individual benefits of higher education. Can quality be contrasted with mass higher education, or the task is exactly to provide quality training by the so called ‘mass’ higher education? The main elements of the basic higher education purposes such as access, division and operation efficiency, quality and appropriate size can be deduced along these questions. Another question, namely why it is not fortunate if certain participants of exactly the higher education discuss the overeducating of graduates, the low quality of trainings and the alleged graduate unemployment, can also be linked here.
József Temesi (Corvinus Unversity of Budapest): 2013: finding a path
The aim of the presentation is to analyse the most important dimensions of Hungarian higher education policy in the last 10 years, highlighting the decisions of the period 2010-2013. Some areas will be analysed in a comparative international perspective, too. Conclusions can be drawn for the year 2013, and hypotheses – even some recommendations – can be formulated for the nearest future. Our previous conferences followed a similar strategic approach. The general state of the Hungarian higher education did not offer us too much optimism; there were strong negative tendencies in most aspects – as it has been demonstrated then and now. However, the stakeholders can do a lot to open a path to a sustainable higher education in Hungary.
Kálmán Liptai (Eszterházi Károly College): The higher education of Eger
Bishop Eszterházy dreamed of a university in Eger in 1774. In more than two centuries the Eszterházy Károly College looks for and believes in finding its role in the current system of higher education. The teacher training, the knowledge centres and the well defined international relations expanding the space where we wish to move.
Péter Földesi (Széchenyi István University): International opportunities and challenges with global, company cooperation
The higher education has become a strategically important source of the knowledge economy.The higher education institutions promote their regions development, attract students and lecturers to their regions, increase the human capital, create employment, appear as customers towards the service providers of the region, sign tender sources, while they transmit cultural values, build communities and serve the improvement of their regions. At the same time the active regional role of the institutions effects their operation and development favourably. Cooperation with the company sector helps to improve the quality of education, allows the involvement of researchers, professionals in the university work and creates the opportunity for introducing the new forms and methods of the practical training in the higher education. The joined R&D projects form an important area of cooperation, where the lecturers and students can observe the project based operation and the working culture in a company environment. The R&D orders help the institution to profit better from the existing infrastructure and human resources. The cooperation makes it possible that the companies’ direct engagement in the financing of the university organisation units, the improvement of the infrastructure, the company participation at the education, or even the establishment of different organisation units and their maintenance.
Jan Sadlak (IREG Observatory on Academic Ranking and Excellence, Poland): Global trends in higher education
“A thousand year old industry on the cusp of profound change”
Ernst & Young
The recent years of the 21st century has been dominated by following phenomena:
- massification of student enrolment;
- increase of number and diversification of institutions, programs and providers;
- research and its funding [costly, highly competitive, and relevant];
- changes in relations between the state and higher education [accountable autonomy];
- steering replacing direct control;
- limitations on public funding [cost-sharing challenge];
- IT factor [MOOCs factor];
- excellence imperative.
Presentation will discuss above trends, with special attention to impact of “internationalization factor”, and assess its impact on further development of higher education.
Christine Ennew (University of Nottingham, UK): Establishing a campus in Asia
Students have always been travelled in search of the best study opportunities; researchers have always collaborated across national borders, but until fairly recently, higher education institutions have been stubbornly national – whether limited by the demands of domestic regulation or by protectionist approaches in potential destinations. But, the past 20 years or so have seen almost seismic shifts in context, in policy and regulation, and in attitudes and behaviour. Now, the idea of institutional mobility has become a realistic strategic option for a range of higher education providers.
The late 1990s saw a change in the nature and scale of institutional mobility as a growing number of mainstream private and public (or publicly funded) Universities sought to establish teaching and research activity outside of their home country in response to both an identified opportunity and active encouragement from host countries. The University of Nottingham was one of the pioneers in this higher education revolution, driven by a range of different influences which are best characterised pull factors, push factors and enablers. This session provides a detailed analysis of these factors and explores some of the strategic and operational challenges associated with campus developments in Asia in general and Malaysia in particular.
József Berács (Corvinus University of Budapest): Starting off at a run or stagnation in the internationalisation of Hungarian universities
Internationalization is an ever-green topic in the era of globalization, mentioned in all strategic documents of Hungarian universities too. It is rather part of our vision than our everyday activities. The presentation will cover all aspects of internationalization, as education, research, publications, but the focus will be student mobility. Macro and micro, government and institutional actions are needed to fulfill the goals catching up with top universities. The Erasmus all, Campus Hungary and other programs on the one hand and the so called “internationalization ladder of institutions” on the other hand could serve the increase of international competitiveness of Hungarian higher education for 2020. There is a long way from development of foreign language capabilities of students and professors to the international branch campus development.