Friedrich Faulhammer, President, Danube Rectors’ Conference
Mag. Friedrich Faulhammer is Danube University Krems' Rector. He was elected unanimously by the University Council on February 20, 2013. Faulhammer (born 1963) studied law in Vienna. From 1985 to 1990 he worked at the Institute for History of Law at the University of Vienna and at the legal department of the university's directorate. In 1990 he joined the Austrian Ministry for Science and Research where he became the Head of the Department for Universities of Applied Sciences in 2001; from 2003 to 2005 he was Deputy Head at the Department for University Law and actively involved in the implementation of the 2002 Law on Universities. In 2005 he became Head of the Department I at the Austrian Federal Ministry for Science and Research and has been its Secretary General since 2009. Among the focal points of his work are new forms of university management as well as European developments and legal affairs in the university sector.
In search for excellence through cooperation: 35 years of Danube Rectors’ Conference
The question of excellence in higher education should not be limited to debating quality output and organizational matters. In regard to concepts such as responsible science or third mission, excellence is also to be discussed in terms of cooperation. The development of the Danube Rectors’ Conference (DRC) demonstrates cooperation in higher education in an effective way. The network of almost 70 member universities from 15 different countries of the Danube region is representing more than one million students of universities based in the Danube region. Initiated by the universities of Ulm, Linz, Vienna and Budapest in the time of the Cold War, the DRC has an important role for the higher education system within the Danube Region and therefore the European Union itself.
Carola Jungwirth, President, University of Passau
Professor Jungwirth studied business administration at the Ludwig-Maximilians-University in Munich and received her doctorate at the TU Bergakademie Freiberg. She wrote her habilitation thesis at the University of Zurich.
She was appointed to the University of Passau in 2007, where she has since held the chair of Business Administration with a focus on International Management. From 2007 to 2010 she was Dean of Studies and from 2012 to 2014 Dean of the Faculty of Economic Sciences. Since 2016 professor Jungwirth has been the the fourth president of the University of Passau.
Changing a System. From Distribution to Allocation
In her keynote speech „Changing a System. From Distribution to Allocation“ Carola Jungwirth introduces the Bavarian University System characterized by its decision rights assignment, its performance evaluation and rewards. She refers to the University of Passau and its experiences in changing from a distributive into an allocative university, and reports on challenges and decisive steps in changing the system. Well prepared the University of Passau is now seeking new goals.
Arnold van Zyl, president, Duale Hochschule Baden-Wuerttemberg
Prof. van Zyl studied at the University of Cape Town in South Africa where he obtained a PhD in Engineering in 1987. After graduation he took up a position as a research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart Germany. From 1990 to 2000 he was employed in various research and development positions for Daimler in Germany and Belgium.
Between 2001 and 2007 he represented the interests of a range of transportation and IT transportation service stakeholders in the USA and Europe focusing the initiation and coordination of collaborative research and implementation projects. In September 2015 he was appointed as the President of the Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University. His previous academic appointments were Rector of the Technische Universität in Chemnitz in Germany and Vice-President of the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa.
In addition he is consulting professor at the Sino-German traffic research Centre of the Tongji University in China, Board Member of the DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) and Member of the South African Academy of Science. His publication record includes several academic papers and 59 patents.
The implementation of dual study programs in the international context: lessons learnt
In summary the internationalization of the Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University (DHBW) has 3 elements:
1. Enhancing the intercultural competence of the graduates as well as by providing them with international experience.
2. Adapting the model abroad. Our institutional partners report that the availability of appropriately trained staff in an international context is becoming an important factor in foreign investment decisions. The DHBW supports our partner institutions abroad by adapting the model of dual education. Typically, the DHBW assumes a consulting role to jointly develop an appropriate curriculum with institutional partners, a local educational institution and the local educational authorities. The local educational institution and the partners are responsible for the teaching whereas the DHBW restricts its role to curriculum design and quality control.
3. Providing advice on the establishment of the study model in emerging economies within the framework of international development aid programs. Examples of successful implementation of the model are in Latin America the establishment of the Duale Hochschule Latin Amerika as well as in Palestine the Dual Programs at the University of East Jerusalem.
This paper reflects on the experiences gained in Europe, Asia and Latin America in the implementation of the internationalization strategy of the DHBW.
Dominik Antonowicz, head, Sociology of Science Unit, Nicolas Copernicus University, Poland
Dominik Antonowicz is an associate professor and the head of Sociology of Science Unit at Nicolas Copernicus University in Toruń. His research interest covers a wide range of issue related to higher education policy, reforming process and university governance and management.
Antonowicz graduated from University of Torun (sociology) and Birmingham University (public management). He also worked as a postdoc scholar at the Center of Higher Education Policy Studies (CHEPS, Twente University (NL) and Centro de Investigação de Políticas do Ensino Superior (CIPES), University of Porto (PT). He is a former Chevening Scholar and a beneficiary of the Foundation for Polish Science (program “Start” and “Columbus”).
As a policy expert he collaborated with OECD, the European Commission, Polish and Ukrainian governments. He has been an expert in a number of strategic advisory groups to Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland and also made contribution to the most recent Polish HE Act (Law 2.0) in respect to the model of university governance. Above it, he serves as a member of the Evaluation Committee of Research Units (KEJN) that is responsible for institutional research assessment in Poland.
He is also an author of two books, and tens of articles, published in international peer-review journals as well as book chapters published by prestigious global publishing houses (eg. Oxford University Press, Routledge, Pelgrave-Macmillan, Springer or Sense).
The Law 2.0 as an attempt to address organizational deficits stemming from the model of university governance in Poland
Law 2.0 offers a considerably new structural arrangement of university governance which by far causes the biggest controversies in the academic community. Undoubtedly, this is the most adventurous and far-reaching attempt to de-calibrate governance structure of universities in Poland since 1990. However, it largely still remains untold what long-term goals it should accomplish and what added value it shall contribute to higher education. So, this presentation wants to examine the new governance model in the light of organizational deficits stemming from the previous structural arrangements. By doing so, it aims (a) to identify policy actors that openly articulated their criticisms and demanded the modernization of university governance; (b) to analyze those aspect of university governance that were identified as its weakest sides; (c) to present the logic of new governance model and the way it wants to address identified deficits. In the concluding part, the presentation will contain some critical reflections about the chances that the newly implemented model will deliver outcomes expected by the government.
Bartłomiej Banaszak, Deputy Director at the Department of Science, Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Poland
Bartlomiej Banaszak currently holds a position of a deputy director of the Department of Science of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MSHE). He used to be a member of a ministerial drafting group for the new law on higher education and science. Bartlomiej Banaszak represents MSHE in the Bologna Follow-up Group (from 2011). He was a co-chair of working groups the framework of the European Higher Education Area: the Working Group on Fostering Implementation of Agreed Key Commitments (2015-2018) and Working Group on Structural Reforms (2012-2015). From 2011 to 2016 Bartlomiej Banaszak was holding a position of the Ombudsman for Graduate Affairs. During the Polish Presidency of the Council of the European Union (from July to December 2011), he was a vice-chair of the Education Committee and was responsible for negotiating the draft Council conclusions on the modernisation of higher education. From 2009 to 2010, he was the President of the Students’ Parliament of the Republic of Poland. From 2007 to 2008, he was a member of the Executive Committee of the European Students’ Union.
Reform of Higher Education and Science in Poland – the Key Changes
The new act on higher education and science, which has come into force on 1st of October, revamps the whole system of higher education and science in Poland. Bartłomiej Banaszak will present those aspetcs of the reform which are the most important from the systemic point of view. After explaining the rationale for the reform the speaker will focus on issues such as: internal structure of Higher Education Institutions, financial autonomy and new funding streams, new model of evaluation of research output, new model of doctoral training as well as changes aiming at improving quality and relevance of study programmes. B. Banaszak will also offer an insight into the process of developing the reform proposal.
Toomas Haldma, Head of Chair of Finance and Accounting, University of Tartu
Toomas Haldma is a Professor of Accounting and the head of the Department of Finance and Accounting at the University of Tartu. He serves also as the program director for the Executive MBA program and served as a dean of the faculty in 2005-2011. He was the Head of the Audit Committee of the University of Tartu (in 2013-2017) and currently serves as a member of it. His teaching activities as well as his research interests, are in the areas of management accounting, performance measurement and management, and management control in business and public sector organizations, in which he has published internationally and nationally. He also has served as a member of the supervisory board and a consultant to various Estonian companies and public organizations. He is also a member of the Estonian Accounting Standard Board.
Development of performance measurement at the Estonian universities within the framework of management reform
The main purpose of the paper is to examine the performance information disclosure, its objectives and used performance measures at the Estonian public universities in the light of university management reforms.
Since 2012 the operating framework for the Estonian universities is extremely challenging, as the operating circumstances have been improved substantially in several directions. These directions include the compilation of new development plans of the universities, the university funding policy change, implementation of institutional accreditation system and changes in university governance systems.
The present study focuses on the linkages between disclosed performance information in various stages of performance management cycle using the PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act) cycle model. The study also focuses on financial and non-financial indicators presenting performance of three main areas of university operations - teaching, research and service to the society activities. The findings reveal that the financial and non-financial performance indicators are weakly linked within the performance measurement of the main areas of university operations. Considering the influential factors affecting the improvements of performance measurement, legal regulatory requirements continue to have a substantial impact in Estonian universities.
The study uses predominantly document analysis, describing and analysing the performance information in strategic plans, budget strategies and annual reports in Estonian public universities. Additionally, a number of interviews have been conducted to explore some qualitative aspects of performance measurement issues at Estonian universities.
Lívia Pavlik, Chancellor, Corvinus University of Budapest
Dr. Lívia Pavlik is an economist. She earned her M.Sc. degree in Accounting at the Budapest University of Economics in 1993. At the same institution, in 2002, she received her Ph.D. in Management and Business Administration. In 2003, Dr. Pavlik became Certified Public Accountant and since then she has collected extensive experience in the business world as a CPA. She is an Associate Professor at the Corvinus University of Budapest. She has been lecturing at the university as well as at the Hungarian Chamber of Auditors since 1993.
In 2008, Dr. Pavlik began a new chapter in her professional life since she was appointed Vice-Dean for Corvinus Business School, where her main duties included economic affairs. Later in 2013, she became the Campus Director of Corvinus. Thus, in addition to her academic teaching career, she has also gained a lot of experience about the management duties of universities. In 2014, she was appointed the Chancellor of Corvinus University of Budapest. Presently, Dr. Pavlik is holding the same position, preparing for her second term as the Chancellor of Corvinus.
The Challenges of the Legal Environment and Financial Management at Hungarian Public Universities
Clear strategic goals, devoted academic and non-academic staff, cooperative management, talented students and proper infrastructure are not enough for an institution to become a successful university. There are some factors beyond the scope of the universities. The environment, first of all, the legal and financial management environment, which is determined by the state, is also a very important factor. Universities operating in a very competitive market need a flexible, predictable legal and financial background for achieving their long-term strategic goals.
We try to do our best, but unfortunately, we have to face enormous challenges due to the strict and rigid regulations that surround the public universities in Hungary. The main problem is that the compliance with these rigid rules is not only administratively difficult but actually, they obstruct our competitiveness in many different areas.
Recognizing these challenges, according to the Hungarian Higher Education Strategy different types of legal forms have been worked out that can provide more adaptable legal and financial management environment for higher education institutions.
Corvinus University has also taken part in the development process of the new institutional legal form. Based on this preparation process, in mid-September 2018, the Hungarian Government took a decision, which provides a basis for necessary law amendments to establish this new legal model for Corvinus University as of 1st of July in 2019.